Saturday, February 18, 2017

Inspiring Lives-50: Galileo and His contribution to Modern Science

Inspiring Lives-50: Galileo and His contribution to Modern Science

Galileo Galilei is The Father of Modern Astronomy. His contribution to observational astronomy was immense.  He was one of the greatest scientists of all time, notable for his use of the scientific method in finding out how the universe works.  He was born in Pisa, Italy, on February 15th 1564, the son of a musician. He was a promising, intelligent student  at the University of Pisa.

Initially he studied medicine.  However, his obsession with pendulums, a need to know how they worked and what forces caused them to swing with such regular precision, led him away from medicine. This study led to his first major discovery, that the period of a pendulum does not depend upon the arc of the swing.  This discovery fuelled further study, including the development of a pendulum clock.

He studied physics and mathematics of the Ancient Greeks, taking in Aristotle and Euclid. But he questioned Aristotle’s approach to falling objects. Aristotle believed that the speed of descent of a falling object increased with weight, a finding that Galileo felt did not match reality and one that he set out to test. He set up a series of experiments determining at what rate balls of different weight rolled down an incline, determining the position of the balls after a set time and noting that the rate was not related to the weight of the ball. In his text, De Motis, (On Motion), he announced his discoveries to the world.

In 1592, Galileo became a professor of mathematics at the University of Padua, where he made further contributions to mathematics, correctly calculating the optimum placement of oars in galleys by treating the oars as levers. He also designed other mechanical devices, a fascination that he pursued throughout his life. Alongside a pump that only required one horse to operate and shift huge volumes of water, Galileo made his telescope, in 1609. With this, he studied the moon and discovered that Jupiter had moons, as well as verifying the phases of Venus and observing a supernova. With all this information, he showed that the universe was not perfect, building upon the findings of Brahe and Kepler.  He also showed that the Copernican system was largely correct, in that the earth was merely a planet that revolved around the sun
Galileo Galilei was one of the most influential scientists of modern times, not just because of his use of the telescope and quantification of gravity, his contribution to the scientific method laid the foundations of modern science, giving direction to scientific research and moving it away from metaphysics.

Garnered from many sources in the Internet.

Grateful thanks to all of them.

Gandhiana-72: On Democracy

My notion of democracy is that under it the weakest should have the same opportunity as the strongest - Gandhiji

Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Gandhiana-71:

History is replete with instances of men who by dying with courage and compassion on their lips converted the hearts of their violent opponents – Gandhiji

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Gandhiana-70:

An age-old way of making progress (is) to advance by making mistakes and rectifying them.

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Gandhiana-69:

Our prayer is a heart search.  It is a reminder to ourselves that we are helpless without His support – Gandhiji

Saturday, February 14, 2015

Gandhiana-68:

Life is an aspiration. Its mission is to strive after perfection, which is self-realization – Mahatma Gandhi

Monday, February 9, 2015

Gandhiana-67:

Differences of opinion should never mean hostility – Gandhiji

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Gandhiana-66:



I believe implicitly that all men are born equal.  All    whether born in India or England or America or in any circumstances whatsoever    have the same soul as any other.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Gandhiana-65:



History is replete with instances of men who by dying with courage and compassion on their lips converted the hearts of their violent opponents – Gandhiji

Monday, October 27, 2014

Gandhiana-64:



If you keep a child wrapped up in cottonwool it will die or become stunted. If you want to see him grow into a strong man you will have to train him to stand every kind of weather. Similarly if the Government deserves to be called a government it must teach people how to face shortages. It must teach them to weather bad times by united effort. It is no good helping them somehow to keep alive without their having to work for it - Gandhiji